TURKISH LABOR LAW
INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION FOR FOREIGNERS IN TURKEY
Refugees, asylum-seekers (someone whose request for sanctuary has yet to be processed) from European countries or heimatlos people, who are in small numbers in Turkey may work independently or be employed without a work permit.
Conditional refugee is a person who as a result of events occurring outside European countries and owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it, shall be granted conditional refugee status upon completion of the refugee status determination process.
Conditional refugees are allowed to reside in Turkey temporarily until they are resettled to a third country.Conditional refugees need a work permit to work or be employed in Turkey.
A foreigner or a heimatlos person, who neither could be qualified as a refugee nor as a conditional refugee, shall nevertheless be granted subsidiary protection upon the status determination because if returned to the country of origin or country of [former] habitual residence would:
a) be sentenced to death or face the execution of the death penalty;
b) face torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;
c) face serious threat to himself or herself by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or nationwide armed conflict.
Foreigner or a heimatlos person under subsidiary protection may work independently or be employed without a work permit.
FOREIGNERS UNDER TEMPORARY PROTECTION
In Article no. 91 of the Law 6458, Temporary Protection may be provided for foreigners;
(1) who have been forced to leave their country, cannot return to the country that they have left, have arrived at or crossed the borders of Turkey in a mass influx seeking immediate and temporary protection.
(2) The actions to be carried out for the reception of such foreigners into Turkey, their stay in Turkey and rights and obligations, their exit from Turkey; measures to be taken to prevent mass influxes; cooperation and coordination among national and international institutions and organizations; determination of the duties and mandate of the central and provincial institutions and organizations shall be stipulated in a Directive to be issued by the Council of Ministers.
This is the status covers mainly the Syrians and described in Article 91 of above mentioned Law as the foreigners who forced to leave their country, cannot return to the country they have left, and have arrived at or crossed the borders of Turkey in a mass influx situation seeking immediate and temporary protection, but cannot be given the individual international protection status.
TURKEY PLANS TO EASE WORK PERMITS FOR FOREIGNERS
The Turkish government is planning to ease work permit requirements for foreigners with a new program. The program aimed to draw more foreign investors and qualified workers to the country.